trace the changes in the system from the rule of jahangir to aurangzeb​


trace the changes in the system from the rule of jahangir to aurangzeb​

Alma 2 years 2021-08-23T03:02:10+00:00 0

Answers ( )


    Jahangir whose original name was Salim, became the emperor of Delhi after the death of his father emperor Akbar


    During Jehangir’s rule

    • Jahangir is the only ruler who  ruled for about 22 years. He had introduced several welfare measures such he had abolished toll taxes & the taxes that the Subedars imposed on the people, ordered for the construction of of sarais, wells, & mosques on the road-sides that decreased the dangers from the dacoits & thieves; disallowed the “mutilation of the limbs” of the criminal;s banned the manufacture & sale of the intoxicants; he built govt hospitals & ap­pointed the physicians (hakims); reinstated all the mansabdars, among others
    • As far as religious tolerance was concerned, Jahangir tolerant towards all religions but Sikhism. He had executed the Guru Arjun Dev, the 5th Sikh guru as he was becoming popular & promoting the creed of Sikhism. Jahangir & Rana Amar Singh, son of Rana Pratap had seen many ups & downs. The fight that lasted almost ten years downs. In the year 1615 had both signed a peace treaty. Jahangir’s repeated attempts to conquer south India were without substantial gains. The persistent attempts of Jahangir to capture South India had made no major results.

    Rule of Aurangazeb

    • Auranagzeb inherited a kingdom that was in upheaval. During his father’s reign, there was an impending economic crisis due to the abandonment of farming, not to mention the situation arising from limited Auranagzeb implementation . As a strict Sunni he reversed the religious tolerance policy. He imposed the sharia law, forced people to convert, demolished temples and built mosques on it, and introduced to non-Muslim poll tax
    • Since he was a hard working dictator, he wholeheartedly dedicated himself to the state’s affiars. He remained dedicatetd till his reign. During this time, Aurangzeb had greatly expanded the Mughal Empire territory. He was constantly at war. His empire was the world’s largest economy, valued 27 per cent of world’s GDP
    • The list of suspected crimes of Aurangzeb is long and serious. He was accused in Central and Southern India of fighting protracted & pointless wars, which fatally weakened the Mughal state. He is seen as a ruthless despot, who brutally murdered enemies, his brothers and sisters. He is considered a linguistic dolt, not interested in, not yet hostile to the exceptional arts of South Asia
    • Aurangzeb was a man of exceptional ability, rigor and hard work. In many respects, he was remarkable. His personal qualities were exceptional. He led a very simple life with a high standard of morality. He was so puritanical that he had prohibited music and driven the musicians & singers away from the court.

    To know more

    Make a timeline on the Mughal Rulers from Babur to Bahadur Shah …



    Jahangir is known for his love for arts. he was known to distinguish between the work of different artisans. He inherited a strong empire from his Father Akhbar. Shahjahan son of Jahangir embarrassed the architecture, one example of which is the Taj Mahal. His campaigns of Deccan and northwestern had a heavy toll on the treasury. In the line, the next ruler was Aurangzeb, who was considered the most orthodox ruler of the Mughal empire. Although, the number of Hindu officials were highest in his Reign. His Deccan campaign proved to drain the imperial treasury and the disintegration of the empire began with his death.

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