India has one of the largest network in the world aggregating to about 2.3 million km at present on what basis roadway have taken


India has one of the largest network in the world aggregating to about 2.3 million km at present on what basis roadway have taken an edge over railway explain

Blanche Blanche 2 years 2021-08-15T02:55:04+00:00 0

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    Transport plays an important role in the economy. Because of transport raw materials reach the factory and finished products reach to the consumer. The pace of development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space. Therefore, efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for fast development.

    Apart from transport, the ease and mode of communications, like telephone and internet makes seamless flow of information possible.

    Today, India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and socio-cultural plurality. Railways, airways, water ways, newspapers, radio, television, cinema and internet, etc. have been contributing to its socio-economic progress in many ways. The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of its economy. It has enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.


    India has one of the largest road networks in the world, aggregating to about 2.3 million km at present. In India, roadways have preceded railways. They still have an edge over railways in view of the ease with which they can be built and maintained. The growing importance of road transport vis-à-vis rail transport is rooted in the following reasons;

    construction cost ofroads is much lower than that of railway lines,
    roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography,
    roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and as such can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas,
    road transport is economical intransportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances,
    it also provides door-to-door service, thus the cost of loading and unloading is much lower,
    road transport is also used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports.
    In India, roads are classified in the following six classes according to their capacity

    Golden Quadrilateral: The government has launched a major road development project linking Delhi-Kolkata- Chennai-Mumbai and Delhi by six-lane Super Highways. The North-South corridors linking Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir) and Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu), and East-West Corridor connecting Silcher (Assam) and Porbander (Gujarat) are part of this project. The major objective of these Super Highways is to reduce the time and distance between the mega cities of India. These highway projects are being implemented by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).

    National Highways: National Highways link extreme parts of the country. These are the primary road systems and are laid and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). A number of major National Highways run in North-South and East-West directions.

    State Highways: Roads linking a state capital with different district headquarters are known as State Highways. These roads are constructed and maintained by the State Public Works Department (PWD) in State and Union Territories.

    District Roads: These roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district. These roads are maintained by the Zila Parishad.

    Other Roads: Rural roads, which link rural areas and villages with towns, are classified under this category. These roads received special impetus under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana. Under this scheme special provisions are made so that every village in the country is linked to a major town in the country by an all season motorable road.

    Border Roads: Apart from these, Border Roads Organisation a Government of India undertaking constructs and maintains roads in the bordering areas of the country. This organisation was established in 1960 for the development of the roads of strategic importance in the northern and northeastern border areas. These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain and have helped in the economic
    Railways are the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India. Railways also make it possible to conduct multifarious activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances. Apart from an important means of transport the Indian Railways have been a great integrating force for more than 150 years. Railways in India bind the economic life of the country as well as accelerate the development of the industry and agriculture.

    Rail Network: The Indian Railway have a network of 7, 031 stations spread over a route length of 63, 221 km. with a fleet of 7817 locomotives, 5321 passenger service vehicles, 4904 other coach vehicles and 228, 170 wagons as on 31st March 2004.

    Rail Gauge and Length of Routes in India
    Gauge (in m) Route (km) Running track (km) Total track
    Broad Gauge 1.676 46,807 66,754 88,547
    Meter Gauge 1 13,209 13,976 16,489
    Narrow Gauge 0.762 & 0.610 3,124 3,129 3,450
    it Hope it may helps u Frnd….. ….


    Advantages of roadways, to the railways are as follows.

    1. Road transport involves less cost and safety. of goods.

    2.One can easily deliver the goods on time through road transport.

    3.It is more appropriate for short distances as road transport is cheaper and speedier.

    4.Its service provides a lot of flexibility in operation.

    5. Perishable commodities can be easily transported by the roads.

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