3. Write the name of 10 chemical compounds that you use in your day to day life. classify them as acids ,
bases and salts

Question

3. Write the name of 10 chemical compounds that you use in your day to day life. classify them as acids ,
bases and salts

Adela 1 year 2021-08-18T18:55:41+00:00 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-08-18T18:57:32+00:00

    Answer:

    Common salts used in day to day life:

    ⇒Sodium Chloride (NaCl) – commonly known as table salt, sodium chloride, is used in seasoning food. It is also used in the making of soap and in the preservation of food.

    ⇒Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO₃) – this is used in baking powder, fire extinguishers and in medicine as antacid.  

    ⇒Potassium Nitrate (KNO₃) – This salt is used as a fertilizer and in the making of glass and gun powder.  

    ⇒Other salts used as fertilzers include; ammonium phosphate and potassium chloride.

    Common acids used in day to day life:  

    ⇒Acetic acid (CH3COOH), vinegar – vinegar is used in cooking, preserving food and in cleaning.  

    ⇒ Carbonic acid (H2CO3), soft drinks – carbonic acid is used in soft drinks as a preservative.  

    ⇒Sulphuric acid is used in car batteries.

    ⇒ Nitric acid is used in explosives and in the making of fertilizers.

     

    Common bases and their uses:

    ⇒Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) – sodium hypoclorite is the common ingredient in the household bleach.  

    ⇒Sodium hydroxide (NaOH): This base is commonly used as oven, drain and lye cleaner

    ⇒Aluminum hydroxide (Al[OH]3): Aluminium hydroxide is an active ingredient in deodorants and antacids.

    ⇒Magnesium hydroxide (Mg[OH]2): This base is also used in antacids and as a laxative.

    ⇒Calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) is used in  mortar, caustic lime and plaster.

    ⇒Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is used as a dish detergent

    ⇒Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) is used as a glass cleaner.

    ⇒Sodium bicarbonate/sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3): This base is the active ingredient in baking powder.

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